Dudul_alone’s Blog

Mei 1, 2009

History Barack Obama

Filed under: Uncategorized — by bloganku @ 4:08 am

Name :Barack Obama

Profession :

President-elect of the United States of America; Politician

Date of Birth :

August 4, 1961

Nationality :

American

Political Party :

Democratic

Education :

from Columbia University

, Harvard Law School

Spouse :

Michelle Obama

Religion :

Christian (Protestant)

Race :

African-American

Biografi :
Barack Obama, actually Barack Hussein Obama II, is the President-elect
of the United States of America and the junior United States Senator
from Illinois. Barack Obama is the first African American to be elected
President of the United States. On January 20, 2009, Barack Obama would
occupy the chair of the American President as the 44th President of the
country.

Barack Obama was born in Honolulu,
Hawaii on August 4, 1961, to Barack Obama, Sr. (born in Nyanza
Province, Kenya) and Ann Dunham (born in Wichita, Kansas). His parents
met while both were attending the University of Hawaii at Manoa, where
his father was enrolled as a foreign student. Barack Obama’s birthname
is Barack Hussein Obama.

Barack Obama is the junior United States Senator from Illinois
and a member of the Democratic Party. The U.S. Senate Historical Office
lists him as the fifth African American Senator in U.S. history and the
only African American currently serving in the U.S. Senate.

Born to a Kenyan father and an American mother, Barack Obama
grew up in culturally diverse surroundings. He spent most of his
childhood in the majority-minority U.S. state of Hawaii and lived for
four years in Indonesia. After graduating from Columbia University and
Harvard Law School,
Barack Obama worked as a community organizer, university lecturer, and
civil rights lawyer before entering politics. He served in the Illinois
Senate from 1997 to 2004, launching his campaign for U.S. Senate in
2003.

Barack Obama delivered the keynote address at the 2004
Democratic National Convention while still an Illinois state
legislator. He went on to win election to the U.S. Senate in November
2004 with a landslide 70% of the vote in an election year marked by
Republican gains. As a member of the Democratic minority in the 109th
Congress, Barack Obama co-sponsored the enactment of conventional
weapons control and transparency legislation, and made official trips
to Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.

He is among the Democratic Party’s leading candidates for
nomination in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Since announcing his
candidacy in February 2007, Barack Obama has emphasized ending the Iraq
War and implementing universal health care as campaign themes. He
married in 1992 and has two daughters. He has authored two bestselling
books: a memoir of his youth entitled Dreams from My Father, and The
Audacity of Hope, a personal commentary on U.S. politics.

Barack Obama’s parents separated when he was two years old and
later divorced. His father went to Harvard University to pursue Ph.D.
studies, then returned to Kenya, where he died in an auto accident when
the younger Obama was twenty-one years old. His mother married Lolo
Soetoro, an Indonesian
foreign student, with whom she had one daughter, Maya. The family moved
to Jakarta in 1967, where Barack Obama attended local schools from ages
6 to 10. He then returned to Honolulu to live with his maternal
grandparents while attending Punahou School from 5th grade until his
graduation in 1979. Barack Obama’s mother died of ovarian cancer a few
months after the publication of his 1995 memoir, Dreams from My Father.

In the memoir, Barack Obama describes his experiences growing
up in his mother’s American middle class family. His knowledge about
his absent Luo father came mainly through family stories and
photographs. Of his early childhood, Barack Obama writes: “That my
father looked nothing like the people around me�that he was black as
pitch, my mother white as milk�barely registered in my mind.” The book
describes his struggles as a young adult to reconcile social
perceptions of his multiracial heritage. He used alcohol, marijuana,
and cocaine during his teenage years, Barack Obama writes, to “push
questions of who I was out of my mind.”

After graduating from Punahou, Barack Obama studied at
Occidental College for two years, then transferred to Columbia
University, where he majored in political science with a specialization
in international relations. He received his B.A. degree in 1983, then
worked for one year at Business International Corporation. In 1985,
Barack Obama moved to Chicago to direct a non-profit project assisting
local churches to organize job training programs. He entered Harvard
Law School in 1988. In 1990, The New York Times reported his election
as the Harvard Law Review’s “first black president in its 104-year
history.” He completed his J.D. degree magna cum laude in 1991. On
returning to Chicago, Barack Obama directed a voter registration drive.
As an associate attorney with Miner, Barnhill & Galland from 1993
to 1996, he represented community organizers, discrimination claims,
and voting rights cases. He was a lecturer of constitutional law at the
University of Chicago Law School from 1993 until his election to the
U.S. Senate in 2004.

Barack Obama was elected to the Illinois State Senate in 1996
from the state’s 13th District in the south-side Chicago neighborhood
of Hyde Park. In 2000, he made an unsuccessful Democratic primary run
for the U.S. House of Representatives seat held by four-term incumbent
candidate Bobby Rush. He was overwhelmingly reelected to the Illinois
Senate in 1998 and 2002, officially resigning in November 2004,
following his election to the U.S. Senate. Among his major
accomplishments as a state legislator, Barack Obama’s U.S. Senate web
site lists: “creating programs like the state Earned Income Tax
Credit”; “an expansion of early childhood education”; and “legislation
requiring the videotaping of interrogations and confessions in all
capital cases.” Reviewing Barack Obama’s career in the Illinois Senate,
a February 2007 article in the Washington Post noted his work with both
Democrats and Republicans in drafting bipartisan legislation on ethics
and health care reform. During his 2004 U.S. Senate campaign, Barack
Obama won the endorsement of the Illinois Fraternal Order of Police,
whose officials cited his “longtime support of gun control measures and
his willingness to negotiate compromises,” despite his support for some
bills the police union had opposed. He was also criticized by a rival
pro-choice candidate in the Democratic primary and by his Republican
pro-life opponent in the general election for having voted either
“present” or “no” on anti-abortion legislation.

Obama was sworn in as a Senator on January 4, 2005. He hired
former Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle’s ex-chief of staff for the
same position, and Karen Kornbluh, an economist who was deputy chief of
staff to former Secretary of the Treasury Robert Rubin, as his policy
adviser. In July 2005, Samantha Power, Pulitzer-winning author on human
rights and genocide, joined Obama’s team. An October 2005 article in
the British journal New Statesman listed Barack Obama as one of “10
people who could change the world.” Three months into his Senate
career, and again in 2007, Time magazine named Obama one of “the
world’s most influential people.” During his first two and a half years
in the Senate, Barack Obama received Honorary Doctorates of Law from
Knox College, University of Massachusetts Boston, Northwestern
University, Xavier University of Louisiana, and Southern New Hampshire
University. He is a member of the Senate committees on Foreign
Relations; Health, Education, Labor and Pensions; Homeland Security and
Governmental Affairs; and Veterans’ Affairs; and the Congressional
Black Caucus.

In February 2007, standing before the Old State Capitol
building in Springfield, Illinois, Obama announced his candidacy for
the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Describing his working life in
Illinois, and symbolically linking his presidential campaign to Abraham
Lincoln’s 1858 House Divided speech, Barack Obama said: “That is why,
in the shadow of the Old State Capitol, where Lincoln once called on a
house divided to stand together, where common hopes and common dreams
still live, I stand before you today to announce my candidacy for
President of the United States of America.” The announcement followed
months of speculation on whether Obama would run in 2008. Barack
Obama’s campaign raised US$58 million during the first half of 2007,
topping all other candidates and exceeding previous records for the
first six months of any year before an election year.

In 1988, while employed as a summer associate at the Chicago
law firm of Sidley & Austin, Obama met Michelle Robinson, who also
worked there. They were married in 1992 and have two daughters, Malia,
born in 1999, and Natasha (“Sasha”), born in 2001. The family moved
from their Hyde Park, Chicago condominium to a nearby US$1.6-million
home in 2005. Barack Obama plays basketball, a sport he participated in
as a member of his high school’s varsity team. Before announcing his
presidential candidacy, he began a well-publicized effort to quit
smoking. “I’ve never been a heavy smoker,” Obama told the Chicago
Tribune. “I’ve quit periodically over the last several years. I’ve got
an ironclad demand from my wife that in the stresses of the campaign I
don’t succumb. I’ve been chewing Nicorette strenuously.” Replying to an
Associated Press survey of 2008 presidential candidates’ personal
tastes, he specified “architect” as his alternate career choice and
“chili” as his favorite meal to cook. Asked to name a “hidden talent,”
Barack Obama answered: “I’m a pretty good poker player.”

A theme of Obama’s keynote address at the 2004 Democratic
National Convention, and the title of his 2006 book, The Audacity of
Hope, was inspired by his pastor, Rev. Jeremiah Wright. In Chapter 6 of
the book, titled “Faith,” Barack Obama writes that he “was not raised
in a religious household.” He describes his mother, raised by
non-religious parents, as detached from religion, yet “in many ways the
most spiritually awakened person that I have ever known.” He describes
his Kenyan father as “raised a Muslim,” but a “confirmed atheist” by
the time his parents met, and his Indonesian step-father as “a man who
saw religion as not particularly useful.” The chapter details how
Obama, in his twenties, while working with local churches as a
community organizer, came to understand “the power of the African
American religious tradition to spur social change.” Barack Obama
writes: “It was because of these newfound understandings�that religious
commitment did not require me to suspend critical thinking, disengage
from the battle for economic and social justice, or otherwise retreat
from the world that I knew and loved�that I was finally able to walk
down the aisle of Trinity United Church of Christ one day and be
baptized.”

Barack Obama has authored two bestselling books. The first,
“Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance”, was published
after his graduation from law school and before entering politics. His
second book, “The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American
Dream”, was published in October 2006, three weeks before the 2006
midterm election.

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